Assembly Area Information for South Down AA (9515) - 1998 BoundaryProfile last updated October 2011.
Please note that the Assembly Area Profile Reports are based on the Assembly Area (1998) boundaries which are the same as the Parliamentary Constituency (1992) boundaries. Following the commencement of the official election period on 25th March 2011 the Assembly Areas in Northern Ireland have been re-aligned with the 2008 Westminster Parliamentary Constituency Boundaries.
In practice the Assembly Area 2011/Westminster Parliamentary Constituency 2008 boundaries are not very different to their predecessors. Six of the 18 Assembly Areas are unchanged. The degree of change, based on the population estimates in 2008, range from a 21.1% increase in population size to a 12.8% decrease in population size. Please see Westminster Parliamentary Constituency Guidance Document for more information.
The following report is based on South Down Assembly Area (1998 Boundary). South Down Assembly Area (2011) has a different boundary and a 7.4% smaller population than the South Down Assembly Area (1998) , based on the 2008 Population Estimates.
Click on links below to go to the section of the area profile pertaining to that theme. The datasets used are shown below in each section and are linked to the Data Catalogue spreadsheets. Click on the blue tabs at the top to see results for other geographical levels.
Click on the map to the right to see a more detailed map of South Down AA. Please note, as of the May 2010 Westminster Elections, the 18 Northern Ireland Parliamentary Constituencies are not equivalent to the Northern Ireland Assembly Areas. All data in this profile refers to the 1998 Assembly Area / 1992 Parliamentary Constituency boundaries.
The Inter-Departmental Urban-Rural Definition Group have classified each settlement in Northern Ireland into one of eight bands (A-H). Bands A-E can be defined as urban and Bands F-H as rural and Census 2001 key statistics were produced for those settlements with over 500 people. In South Down AA 35.3% of the population in 2010 lived in urban Super Output Areas and 64.7% lived in rural Super Output Areas, based on the Super Output Area Urban-Rural Classification in 20051Datasets used: 1Statistical Classification and Delineation of Settlements Report 2005; KS01 Usually Resident Statistics for Settlements (NISRA Census); Population Estimates 2010 (NISRA Geography).
On Census Day 29th April 2001 the resident population of South Down AA was 104658. Of this population:
The estimated population of South Down AA at 30 June 2010 was 118332, an increase of of 12.6% on the 2001 mid-year population of 105086.
- 25.6% were under 16 years old and 16.5% were aged 60 and over;
- 49.8% of the population were male and 50.2% were female;
- 66.3% were from a Catholic community background and 31.8% were from a 'Protestant and Other Christian (including Christian related)' community background;
- 32.6% of persons aged 16 and over were single (never married);
- 34.8 years was the average age of the population; and
- the population density was 0.81 persons per hectare.
Datasets used:KS01 Usually Resident Population, KS02 Age Structure, KS04 Marital Status, KS07b Community Background (NISRA Census), Population Estimates 2010 (NISRA Demography).
In South Down there were 1695 resident births registered in 2009. Of these, 855 were male births and 840 were female births and 562 births were to unmarried mothers. The median age of mothers of new-born babies in 2009 was 30 and of fathers was 32. The teenage birth rate per 1,000 of females aged 13 to 19 was 12.7.
In total 800 deaths were registered in 2009 in South Down AA. Of these 800 deaths, 38.4% were to under 75 years old. The median age at death was 79.0 in 2009.
Datasets used:Births 2009, Median Age of Parents 2009, Deaths 2009, Median Age at Death 2009,(NISRA Demography).
Crime and Justice
There were a total of 5657 offences recorded in South Down AA in 2010/11. The rates per 10,000 population by type of crime are shown below:
- Violent Crimes (offences against the person, sexual offences and robbery) - 1534 offences recorded, rate of 129.6 per 10,000 population.
- Sexual Offences - 120 offences recorded, rate of 10.1 per 10,000 population;
- Burglary - 960 offences recorded, rate of 81.1 per 10,000 population;
- Criminal Damage - 1245 offences recorded, rate of 105.2 per 10,000 population;
- Offences against Vehicles (including Theft) - 367 offences recorded, rate of 31.0 per 10,000 population;
- Theft (Other)- 852 offences recorded, rate of 72.0 per 10,000 population;
- Domestic abuse offences 480 offences recorded, rate of 40.9 per 10,000 population ; and
- Drug Offences - 202 offences recorded, rate of 17.1 per 10,000 population;
In 2010/11 Hate Crime Rates for South Down AA were categorised under the following:
- Racist Motivation - 19 offences recorded, rate of 1.6 per 10,000
- Homophobic Motivation - 5 offences recorded, rate of 0.4 per 10,000
- Sectarian Motivation - 30 offences recorded, rate of 2.5 per 10,000
Datasets used:Notifiable Offences Recorded 2010/11 (Police Service Northern Ireland).
|Comparisons||PC (1992) Boundary||N.IRELAND|
|Administrative Data||Total number of offences recorded (2010/11)|| 5657|| 105040||Total number of offences recorded per 10,000 (2010/11)|| 478.1|| 583.8||Violent crimes rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 129.6|| 165.6||Sexual offences rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 10.1|| 10.7||Burglary rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 81.1|| 65.9||Vehicle offences (including theft) rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 31.0|| 38.5||Theft (other) rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 72.0|| 102.8||Criminal damage rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 105.2|| 138.9||Domestic abuse offences rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 40.9|| 53.4||Drugs offences rate per 10,000 population (2010/11)|| 17.1|| 19.4||Racist Motivation per 10,000 (2010/11)|| 1.6|| 3.0||Homophobic Motivation per 10,000 (2010/11)|| 0.4|| 0.8||Sectarian Motivation per 10,000 (2010/11)|| 2.5|| 5.5|
Education and Training
On Census Day, in South Down AA looking at the population aged 16-74:
1Low levels of qualifications are those categorised as Level 1 which include; GCSE (grades D-G), CSE (grades 2-5), 1-4 CSEs (grade 1), 1-4 GCSEs (grades A-C), 1-4 'O' level passes, NVQ level 1, GNVQ Foundation or equivalents.
- 15.0% had degree level or higher qualifications; and
- 58.1% had no or low levels of qualifications. 1
For school leavers aged 16 and over in 2010, 74.4% achieved at least 5 or more GCSEs at grade C and above, 42.7% went on into Higher Education and 34.2% went into Further Education in South Down AA.
In South Down AA there were 4110 students enrolled at a Higher Education college in 2009/10. Higher Education can be defined as education at a higher level than secondary school, usually provided in universities. Of all students enrolled, 75.0% were full time and 25.0% were part time students, while 60.1% were female and 39.9% were male. In total, 43.9% were aged 20 and under, 30.6% were aged 21-24 and 25.4% were aged 25 and over.
In South Down AA there were 11933 students enrolled at a Further Education college in 2009/10. Further Education can be defined as post-secondary education that is distinct from the education offered in universities. Of all students enrolled, 18.6% were full time and 81.4% were part time students, while 51.0% were female and 49.0% were male. In total, 55.0% were aged 19 and under, 12.0% were aged 20-25 and 33.1% were aged 26 and over.
School Census data for 2010/11 (by pupil residence) in South Down AA shows that 14.0% of pupils in post-primary schools are categorised as Statemented or with Special Education Needs (SEN) Stage 1 to 4. Statemented pupils are those pupils with a statement of special educational needs, i.e. pupils at stage 5 on the Special Educational Needs (SEN) Code of Practice.
The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) measures general practice achievement against a range of evidence-based indicators and provides raw disease prevalence data by a total of 17 clinical areas. In 2011, the raw prevalence of patients aged 18 plus (per 1,000 patients) on the Learning Disabilities Register was 8.2 for South Down AA.
In 2010/11 in South Down AA, 15.3% of pupils in post-primary schools had Free School Meal Entitlement (based on pupil residence data).
Datasets used:KS13 Qualifications and Students (NISRA Census),School Leavers Survey 2009/10,School Census Post Primary (Pupil Residence) 2011 (Department of Education), School Census Post Primary Free School Meals 2011 (Department of Education), Higher Education Enrolments 2009/10,Further Education Enrolments 2009/10 (Department of Employment and Learning),Quality Outcomes Framework 2011 (Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety).
Employment, Economic Activity and Social Welfare
On Census Day 29th April 2001, in South Down AA looking at the population aged 16-74:
1Long-term unemployed is defined as those who have been unemployed since 1999 or earlier on Census Day.
- 63.6% were economically active, 36.4% were economically inactive; and
- 3.6% were unemployed, of these 38.2% were long-term unemployed.1
The Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment were notified of a total of 1 confirmed redundancies in South Down AA in 2010.
For South Down in 2011 5.7% of working age adults and 13.6% children under 16 were living in Income Support households.
Other sources of social security benefit information in 2011 are as follows:
1Population Estimates for 2009 are used to create rates.2From October 2008 Employment and Support Allowance replaced Incapacity Benefit and Income Support paid on incapacity grounds for new customers.
- 4515 - 6.2% persons aged 16-59 were claiming Income Support1;
- 3286 - 4.5% persons aged 16-59/64 were receiving Incapacity Benefit1;
- 1637 - 2.2% persons aged 16-59 were Employment & Support Allowance1,2; and
- 7849 - 8.6% persons aged 16 and over were claiming Housing Benefit.
Datasets used:KS09a Economic Activity (NISRA Census), Total Confirmed Redundancies 2010 (Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment),Income Support 2011,Incapacity Benefit 2011,Employment & Support Allowance 2011,Housing Benefit 2011 (Department of Social Development).
The Census of Employment is a statutory survey that is conducted every two years in Northern Ireland. It provides information on the nature and characteristics of non-agricultural businesses. In 2009 there were 26332 employee jobs in businesses located in South Down AA.
The Farm Census 2010 recorded 2756 farms registered to addresses in South Down AA and the total agricultural labour force was 5281 persons.
- 35.0% jobs were male full-time;
- 25.0% jobs were female full-time;
- 9.4% jobs were male part-time; and
- 30.6% jobs were female part-time.
The Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) provides a wide range of information on hourly, weekly and annual earnings of employees in Northern Ireland. The median wage measures the amount earned by the average individual i.e. the level of earnings above which half the population fall. The median gross weekly earnings for all employees in South Down in 2010 was £ 301. For males the median wage was £ 385 and for females it was £ 236.2.
Datasets used:Census of Employment 2009, Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2010(Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment),Farm Census 2010 (DARD).
Small Area Income Estimates are available for the years 2003/05 - outputs include estimates of the incidence of income poverty (as measured by the proportion of households whose income is below 60% of the UK median household income). Data on households in relative poverty (%) available for 2004/05 is based on unequivalised gross income before housing costs and data available for 2003/05 is based on net income before housing costs, equivalised for household size/composition.
Datasets used:Small Area Income Estimates 2003-2005 (NISRA Demography).
Deprivation - NIMDM 2010
The Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2010 (NIMDM 2010) report was published in May 2010. The report identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation across Northern Ireland. The results for South Down AA are shown below.
South Down AA has an Extent of 7%, this means that 7% of the South Down population live in the most deprived Super Output Areas in Northern Ireland.
The Income Scale shows that there are 25911 people in South Down AA experiencing income deprivation, while the Employment scale shows that a total of 8428 people in South Down AA experience employment deprivation.
Both the Income Scale and the Employment Scale can be presented as rates of the relevant populations to aid comparisons across areas. 22% of the total population in South Down AA were identified as income deprived while 12% of the working age population were identified as employment deprived. This can be compared to NI as a whole where 25% were identified as income deprived and 13% employment deprived.
Within South Down AA the most deprived Super Output Area is Ballymote (ranked 59 in NI) and the least deprived Super Output Area is Kilmore 2 (ranked 738 in NI).
[Ranks range from 1 (most deprived AA) to 18 (least deprived AA)]
Datasets used:Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure 2010 AA (NISRA).
Health and Care
On Census Day 29th April 2001, in South Down AA:
Average life expectancy measures the expected years of life at birth based on the mortality rates of the period in question. Life expectancy for males in South Down AA for 2007-2009 is 78.4 years and for females is 81.6 years.
- 18.9% of people had a limiting long-term illness, health problem or disability;
- 72.7% of people stated that their general health was good; and
- 10.7% of the population stated that they provided unpaid care to family, friends, neighbours or others.
In total, 800 people died in 2009 in South Down.Of all deaths, 225 ( 28.1%) were due to malignant neoplasms, 244 ( 30.5%) were to circulatory disease and 101.0 ( 12.6%) were to respiratory disease.
Average death rates are available from 2004 to 2008 standardised for age to the 2006 Population Estimates. In South Down AA the age standardised death rate (per 100,000 persons) for the population under 75 years of age was 366.3 for males and 268.5 for females. The table below shows average death rates by cause for the population under 75 years of age.
Data is recorded on the number of deaths due to suicide and undetermined intent. In South Down AA there were 6 such deaths registered in 2009.
In South Down AA there were:
The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF) measures general practice achievement against a range of evidence-based indicators and provides raw disease prevalence data by a total of 17 clinical areas. In 2011, the raw prevalence of patients aged 16 plus (per 1,000 patients) on the Obesity Register was 112 for South Down AA.
- 12 alcohol-related deaths (underlying cause of death is recorded as deaths with a clear causal relationship to alcohol consumption) in 2009; and
- 5 obesity-related deaths (underlying cause of death is recorded as obesity) during 2005-2009.
In 2011 29.3% of children aged 0-2 and 67.4% of children aged 3-5 were registered with a dentist in South Down.
|Comparisons||PC (1992) Boundary||N.IRELAND|
|Census 2001||People with limiting long-term illness (%)|| 18.9|| 20.4||People stated their health was good (%)|| 72.7|| 70.0||People provided unpaid care to family, friends, neighbours or others (%)|| 10.7|| 11.0|
|Administrative Data||Life expectancy males (2007-2009)|| 78.4|| 76.8||Life expectancy females (2007-2009)|| 81.6|| 81.4||Deaths due to malignant neoplasms (%) (2009)|| 28.1|| 27.0||Deaths due to circulatory disease (%) (2009)|| 30.5|| 31.1||Deaths due to respiratory disease (%) (2009)|| 12.6|| 14.0||Standardised death rate for males under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 366.3|| 415.5||Standardised death rate due to cancer for males under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 111.0|| 127.3||Standardised death rate due to respiratory disease for males under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 26.4|| 30.6||Standardised death rate due to circulatory disease for males under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 98.3|| 110.0||Standardised death rate for females under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 268.5|| 269.2||Standardised death rate due to cancer for females under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 112.3|| 109.4||Standardised death rate due to respiratory disease for females under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 18.6|| 23.5||Standardised death rate due to circulatory disease for females under 75 (2004-2008) per 100,000|| 59|| 59.1||Deaths due to suicide/undetermined intent per 100,000 (2009)|| 5.1|| 14.5||Alcohol-related deaths (2009) per 100000|| 59.3|| 75.9||Obesity-related deaths (2005-2009)|| 5|| 29||Raw prevalence of patients (per 1,000) on the Obesity Register aged 16 plus (2011)|| 112|| 114.0||Newly diagnosed cancer cases (2008)|| 482|| 8068||Children aged 0-2 registered with a dentist (%) (2011)|| 29.3|| 30.3||Children aged 3-5 registered with a dentist (%) (2011)|| 67.4|| 70.0|
Census 2001:KS08 Health and Unpaid Care (NISRA Census), Life Expectancy 2007-2009 (Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety),Deaths by Cause 2009 (NISRA Demography), Standardised Death Rate All 2004-2008,Standardised Death Rate due to Cancer 2004-2008,Standardised Death Rate due to Respiratory Disease 2004-2008, Standardised Death Rate due to Circulatory Disease 2004-2008 (Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety),Deaths by Suicide/Undetermined Intent 2009, Alcohol Related Deaths 2009,Obesity Related Deaths 2005-2009 (NISRA Demography),Quality Outcomes Framework 2011 (Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety),Cancer Incidence 2008 (Northern Ireland Cancer Registry),
Housing, Environment and Transport
On Census Day 29th April 2001 there were 35605 households in South Down AA. Of these households:
1The occupancy rating provides a measure of under-occupancy and overcrowding. For example, a value of -1 implies there is one room too few and that there is overcrowding in the household. The occupancy rating assumes that every household, including one person households, requires a minimum of two common rooms (excluding bathrooms).
- 75.6% were owner occupied and 24.4% were rented;
- 34.7% were owned outright;
- 12.0% were lone pensioner households;
- 6.7% were lone parents households with dependent children;
- 6.7% of households were without central heating or without sole use of bath/shower/toilet or without both;
- 7.8% of households had an occupancy rating of -1 or less (i.e. classed as overcrowded);1 and
- 2.9 persons per household was the average household size.
In 2010 there were 45241 domestic properties in South Down AA, which were sub-classified as follows:
In 2010 there were 1482 planning applications decided on of which 82.9% were approved.
- Apartments - 6.2%
- Terraced - 52.9%
- Semi-Detached - 21.3%
- Detached - 19.6%
Datasets used:KS18 Tenure, KS19 Rooms, Amenities, Central Heating and Lowest Floor Level, KS20 Household Composition, KS22 Lone Parent Households with Dependent Children (NISRA Census),Domestic Properties 2010(Land and Property Services),Planning Applications 2010(Department of the Environment).
On Census Day 29th April 2001 in South Down AA 81.8% of households had access to a car or van and 73.5% of persons aged 16-74 in employment usually travelled to work by car or van.
In 2009, 58041 cars were licensed to addresses in South Down AA, 8.1% of which were cars registered to a disabled driver or for transporting disabled people.
Datasets used:KS15 Travel to Work, KS17 Cars or Vans(Census 2001), Car Registrations 2009 (Department of Regional Development).